A GREEN MAKEOVER- Your new style statement

Mother nature is not asking for help, it’s warning us by the adverse climatic changes. These are results of the human deeds. Reading and hearing frightful news concerning the environment makes me utterly depressed and at the same time they inspire me to do something. Any matter related to nature always draw my attention and motivates me to change my way of living for the betterment of environment. I am hoping that this will embolden all of you to bring the change as well. By our small changes we can make massive impact on the BIG picture.

The man who moves a mountain begins by carrying away small stones”

-Confucius

By harming our environment we are harming ourselves too. Changing our lifestyle is the prominent step towards green makeover. This is the high time to implement those 3 R’s which we were taught in school.

  • REDUCE
  • REUSE
  • RECYCLE

And now let’s look at the denouements of Stephen Hawking.

“As scientists, we understand the dangers of nuclear weapons and their devastating effects, and we are learning how human activities and technologies are affecting climate systems in ways that may forever change life on Earth. As citizens of the world, we have a duty to alert the public to the unnecessary risks that we live with every day, and to the perils we foresee if governments and societies do not take action now to render nuclear weapons obsolete and to prevent further climate change… There’s a realization that we are changing our climate for the worse. That would have catastrophic effects. Although the threat is not as dire as that of nuclear weapons right now, in the long term we are looking at a serious threat.”

Stephen Hawking’s Quote from Press conference for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, (1 January 2007)

“The danger is that global warming may become self-sustaining, if it has not done so already. The melting of the Arctic and Antarctic ice caps reduces the fraction of solar energy reflected back into space, and so increases the temperature further. Climate change may kill off the Amazon and other rain forests, and so eliminate once one of the main ways in which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere. The rise in sea temperature may trigger the release of large quantities of carbon dioxide, trapped as hydrides on the ocean floor. Both these phenomena would increase the greenhouse effect, and so global warming further. We have to reverse global warming urgently, if we still can. ”

Stephen Hawking’s Quote from ABC News interview (16 August 2006)

One of the most serious consequences of our actions is global warming brought about by rising levels of CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels. The danger is that the temperature increase may become self-sustaining, if it hasn’t done so already. Drought and deforestation are reducing the amount of carbon dioxide recycled into the atmosphere and the warming of the seas may trigger the release of large quantities of carbon dioxide trapped on the ocean floor. In addition the melting of the Arctic and Antarctic ice sheets will reduce the amount of solar energy reflected back into space and so increase the temperature further. We don’t know where global warming will stop but the worst case scenario is that the earth will become like its sister planet Venus, with a temperature of 250 degrees C and rain sulphuric acid. The human race could not survive in those conditions.”

Stephen Hawking’s Quote from the film “The 11th Hour” (2007)

One can see from space how the human race has changed the Earth. Nearly all of the available land has been cleared of forest and is now used for agriculture or urban development. The polar icecaps are shrinking and the desert areas are increasing. At night, the Earth is no longer dark, but large areas are lit up. All of this is evidence that human exploitation of the planet is reaching a critical limit. But human demands and expectations are ever-increasing. We cannot continue to pollute the atmosphere, poison the ocean and exhaust the land. There isn’t any more available.

Stephen Hawking’s Quote from the film “The 11th Hour” (2007)

“I don’t think the human race will survive the next thousand years, unless we spread into space. There are too many accidents that can befall life on a single planet. But I’m an optimist. We will reach out to the stars.”

Stephen Hawking’s Quote Daily Telegraph (16 October 2001)

Whoa! Reaching out to the stars. Well that seems a distant thing for now.

But, here are some conversions that we must do at our level first. These simple adoption of habits in our daily lives can make a difference. We should play our respective roles.

  • Turn of any lights and electronics when they are not being used.Let hair and clothes dry by themselves if possible.Set the washing mashine to lower temperatures.
  • Create a compost heap in your garden or use a compost bin. This helps recycle food waste and other biodegradable material.
  • When going shopping, make it a habit to bring your own eco-bags and say no to plastic bags as much as possible
  • Plant more and more trees. Join as many tree planting trips as you can.
  •  If possible, try carpooling to work, business presentations, events, or even to run errands. Think of ways you can reduce the number of trips you make using your car. Reduce emissions from vehicles by walking or cycling. These are not just great alternatives to driving, they are also great exercise.
  •  Use public transport, when you can, for everyday travel.
  •  Send your drinking bottles, paper, used oil, old batteries and used tires to a depot for recycling or safe disposal; all these very cause serious pollution.
  • Do not pour chemicals and waste oil on to the ground or into drains leading to bodies of water.
  • Wherever possible, separate biodegradable and recyclable waste from non-biodegradable and work to reduce the amount of non-biodegradable or recyclable waste.
  •  Reduce the amount of meat you eat, or even better become vegetarian.
  • Don’t let water run when you don’t use it. For example while brushing your teeth or when you shampoo your hair. It will save a lot of water! Run dishwasher and washing mashine only with full loads.Use environmentaly friendly cleaning/household products.You find them in regular stores and they are not even much more expensive. They won’t pollute the water with toxins.
  • Use your cellphones less .A new study has directly linked cellphones to the mass exstinction of bees. Bees are critical to our food production since they are responsible for pollinating plants.

Think of your own ways to REUSE REDUCE AND RECYCLE the resources as well.

We have read or heard all these several times some way or other way but now is the time to act .

I feel immense bliss in the lap of nature. Healthy environment makes me feel happy .

By default i have strange connection with nature. I am doing my bit and hoping that by taking consistent and positive tiny steps will lead to big results; will further lead to bigger steps one day.

Are you ready to give yourself a green makeover?!

Green makeover for us and for the planet : A new style statement.

Screenshot_2016-04-05-03-10-13-1

Source : WEB

Advertisements

Salute to an exemplary heroine

At ABP Live news channel, their daily news bulletin was going on and suddenly breaking news started flashing. That was results day of UPSC 2014. News- This time girls have bagged the top four positions, i was normal. They unraveled the names of toppers ,i was normal.Then they displayed the photographs of toppers, i was normal. But when i came to know that Ira Singhal is first differently abled candidate from general category who got first rank in the civil services examination : it was not normal. Her story is profusely inspiring not only for the civil services world but also for the normal world. She never glorified her special needs (she is victim of a medical condition Scoliosis ); she explained that her hands have restricted movement and her spinal cord is of S- shaped and not straight. But, she maintained that she feels normal about herself. She told that everyone has one problem or another, only thing is that her problems are more visible than others. She is very much normal than me , infact much normal than all of us. She is not a stereotyped topper. She reads a lot of novels and watches TV series of US/UK. According to her, one should study smartly by understanding and analyzing stuffs rather than being glued to books all the time.She has transformed herself into someone who is so much engrossed in learning, knowing and exploring what is around her that she has no time to bother about her physical condition or anything else.

The pragmatic Ira had some suggestions for the students : ” First get a professional degree , get a few years of work experience and then take the UPSC exam if you want to. And no matter what you do, always remember to have a life.”

She holds an MBA from Delhi University’s Faculty of Management Studies (FMS), and a B.E. in computer engineering from Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT).

Since 2010, She had cracked CSE in her every attempt (4 attempts – cracked all- secured first position in 4th attempt)

She was refused a posting because she suffers from curvature of the spine. She filed a case in the Central Administrative Tribunal, which she won after 4 years, after which she was given a post. She has also taught Spanish for a year, has been a manager in Cadbury India and a marketing intern the Coca Cola Company. She was posted as Assistant Commissioner in the Customs & Excise department of the Indian Revenue Services, but will likely move to an IAS posting soon.
Despite topping one of the toughest competitive exams in the world, she told it was just another exam. She told that an exam cannot decide who you are. Life is more that an exam. She got 99.7 percentile in CAT. She told that Maths is tough or easy depending on your perception. It’s all in mind. She felt that a better teacher can make Maths easier and fun.
She knows various languages like English, Hindi, German, Spanish.

Her interview radiated positive vibes only.Normally, these interviews of successful people are focused on their struggle and hardship. But, the interview of this brilliant lady was different. It was full of hope, encouragement and  motivation to see beyond our own problems. How she has turned her problems into opportunities was worth admiring. Her positive frame of mind is amazing. She is calm and composed. She has never back down in life when so called normal people often don’t achieve even an iota of what she has accomplished till date

As an Indian Revenue Service (IRS) officer, she has to do more of office works and she always wanted to do good for the people by doing more field works. She wants to serve people and that’s why she wanted to be an IAS officer. Mr. Ravish Kumar asked whether she wanted to prove something through UPSC. It was expected she would say something like she wanted to show people that her physical condition didn’t came in way of her dream or something like that. But it was pleasant surprise when she told that she had nothing to prove. She wanted to be IAS officer as this will give her a bigger opportunity to serve people.

She hangs out with her friends like every other person. She is effortless genius of her life.She is an epitome of character and strength.

Screenshot_2016-03-31-03-38-53-1

Her message : ” While struggling through all the insecurities of life, just remember that this too shall pass.”

She never considered her deformity to be a challenge. It all depends on how big you consider it to be a problem.

“My single aim is to help society and i am not after power, money or success. I don’t lie to myself,” Ira said.

I have tremendous amount of respect in my heart for this lady .I wish Ira ma’am all the happiness and all the very best for her journey.  And i love you “meri living legend.”

Screenshot_2016-03-31-03-38-29-1

Image 1 source : The Indian Express

Source : TOI

Some excerpts are taken from web and her interviews. 

 

 

Reservation Conundrum

 

I am General category and I support reservations. Let’s shed some light on this. A general category student with three digit rank xxx in a competative exam couldn’t make it to the xyz premier institute but a reserved category student with a telephone number type digit rank xxxxxxx in the exam gets the call for admission.

IS IT TRUE MERITOCRACY? !

A reserved category person earning crores per annum needs any kind of aid? Certainly not.

IS IT EQUALITY ?! Alas!

Reservation degrades the system, be it jobs promotion,selection,admissions in colleges and so on .

The chief architect of Indian constitution B.R. Ambedkar reluctantly agreed to reservation in the belief that it would be discontinued 10 years after the adoption of the Constitution. Even he wanted “reservations to end in ten years”.

 

Document’s summary

During the process of drafting a constitution:

 

Quote:From the outset, the Constituent Assembly laid out clearly its objectives and philosophy for the new constitution. Several of the framers’ main goals, articulated in the “Objectives Resolution,” included guarantees of equality, basic freedoms of expression, as well as “adequate safeguards…for minorities, backward and tribal areas, and depressed and other backward classes.” These principles guided the delegates throughout the Constitution-making process.

The Assembly set up a special Advisory Committee to tackle minority rights issues. This committee was further divided into several subcommittees. The Subcommittee on Minorities focused on representation in legislatures (joint versus separate electorates and weightings), reservation of seats for minorities in cabinets, reservation for minorities in the public services, and administrative machinery to ensure the protection of minority rights. After extensive research and debate, the Subcommittee on Minorities drafted a report of its findings for submission to the Advisory Committee. The latter supported most of the Subcommittee’s recommendations.


From the constitution:

Quote:Significantly, Article 15, which prohibits discrimination, also contains a clause allowing the union and state governments to make “any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.” This language was added in 1951 within weeks of a Supreme Court decision outlawing quotas in school admissions. The speed of the amendment is indicative of the strong political support for reservations, Nehru’s personal views notwithstanding.

Similarly, Article 16, calling for “equality of opportunity in matters of public employment,” contains clauses permitting the “reservation of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens which, in the opinion of the State, is not adequately represented in the services under the State” and another allowing “reservation in matters of promotion” for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

A separate section of the Constitution, “Special Provisions Relating to Certain Classes,” requires the reservation of seats in the “House of the People,” or Lok Sabha, and the Legislative Assemblies of the states for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The numbers of reserved seats are determined by the proportion Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe members to the general population, based on population estimates from the most recent decennial census. The President of India and the Parliament, in consultation with the state governments, determine the list of groups qualifying as Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and “backward classes.”

Several safeguards accompany these provisions for reservation. First, the Constitution originally required the reservation of seats in the Lokh Sabha and state legislatures to end after ten years. After five amendments, the policy is now set to expire on January 25, 2010. Secondly, regarding the reservation of jobs, Article 335 of the Constitution mandates that the “claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into consideration, consistently with the maintenance of efficiency of administration.” Finally, a National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was created to investigate, monitor, advise, and evaluate the progress of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes under the schemes aimed at the socio-economic development of these groups. Another Commission was also created to investigate the conditions of the socially and educationally backward classes.


A boy born in Rameshwaram in a poor family by surpassing all the barriers hurdles with his indomitable spirit made India proud. He is legendary A.P.J ABDUL KALAM. This titan was an aerospace scientist, Professor, Author , President of India. Do he needed reservation? Obviously no. Without reservation he excelled in every field.

Barack Obama became President of USA without any Afro-American quota, same about honourable Nelson Mandela. Quotas are constitutionally illegal in the USA. [ In the past black Americans were brutally tortured ]

Inspite of slavery of 200 years we Indians have cracked milestones,created history , proved ourselves in every direction. We are capable.

Reforms are needed to bring true meritocracy in India.Amendments are must.

India will breath in fresh air of true independence when this pollutant namely reservation will be cleaned.

Reservation free India- A very long journey to go. Government, media and we common people ..three important constituents have to come together, unite and work together. “unity to be real must survive the severest strain without breaking” – M.k. Gandhi 

Be the change you wish to see in the world- Mahatma Gandhi . We must change ourselves first to bring the change.

Eventually India is “unity in diversity”

We are all ONE.

 

Screenshot_2016-03-11-14-08-33-1

Source: Document’s summary – The nirmukt free thought community 

Decline in medicine and Healthcare.

The level of medical colleges is dropping down.

Any “jholachaap” doctor can graduate from the college and the institute will not fail those medical students as they are getting huge fees from the students. Just to run colleges, hospitals are being opened so that those jholachaap doctors can treat there.[pathetic]
The level of medical colleges is bound to drop.
This is a picture of private medical colleges. Just like engineering colleges mushroomed in the 90s and churned out graduates in such large numbers as to make a mockery of a BTech degree, similar is the case with private medical colleges. It’s so deeply incorporated in the medical system that it is beyond rectification. Even if measures are being taken to improve the conditions then it going to be very gradual process. In India true meritocracy will take years to come.

Let me also state that an average MBBS graduate from a good government medical college is much more accomplished than many of his peers across the world.
Just look at the state of a young doctor today…
6 years of graduation, most states employing bonds to make them serve in the villages, 3 yrs of post graduation and bond even after that in most states and at the age of thirty, you’re earning a pittance.
The number of medical seats for a candidate appearing in All India PMT is much less than the number of engineering colleges in the country!!
Tell me, who will not go for an easy BTech/MBA degree which is available relatively very easily as compared to the highly competitive medical exams. The number of students appearing for AIPMT has already started showing a decline in past few years.
A young kid of 18 isn’t that aware of what he exactly wants to do in his life…he just sees a vague shiny career and prepares of it. Reality is that medical sciences is losing it’s charm steadily and nothing is being done to restore it.
If the system fails to attract brilliant young minds towards medicine, how will the medical and healthcare of the country improve? Few years down the line , in a very short time I foresee a collapse and total chaos in the healthcare industry; and this will be totally the government’s own doing, be it state or central both.

SYSTEM IS SO HAZARDOUS.

The rich families whose kids could not have otherwise cracked the entrance exam ; the Medical college owners who could sell their seats to them.

When a person who has paid very huge amount of money for his education enters the profession, his first goal is to recuperate his investment. After all, why would one be willing to pay such hefty sums for a career if he did not think he could get it all back? This leads to further loopholes in Medical industry.
The society suffers when people who may not be qualified or motivated are allowed to enter a profession that deals with human lives. The people are allowed to do whatever they want because their parents can buy a career for them.

Powerful people will continue to exploit the system and the hard working student who missed out on a seat by 1 mark will keep having his dream squashed and a patient will be billed 25L for a trivial problem by a Doctor who graduated by paying “very huge amount of money” in donation.
Many kids of affluent parents(mostly doctors)do study medical sciences in obscenely pricey but indiscreet private medical colleges or abroad (study there is cheaper than here) who doesn’t know that MS/MD seats are literally sold at crores of rupees of coveted branches.

Except AIIMS and few good reputated government medical colleges, situation is terrible.

Why people are reluctant to do hardwork? Where the brilliant and diligent peoeple have gone?

What kind of mockery is done to this divine service? The human lives are being served here.

Undeserving people not allowed here, else playing with people’s lives is becoming favorite sport.Medicine and healthcare is becoming business, people are taking it as money minting machine.

Such people are blot and hindrance . They have degraded the health of the sector ‘medicine and healthcare’.

Any person having degree of doctoral and who wears white coat should not be allowed in this profession. Some screening is must.Regulation must play critical role.

index

 

 



 

The first step would be for the government to commission more such studies on a larger scale to continually assess the quality measures. This will at least give us scientific evidence of the size and scale of the problem. The second is to institute and fully integrate protocol-based diagnoses and treatment systems into the teaching programme for medical students. The third step would be to make doctors take a test every five years to assess if they have updated their skills. Doctors who fail could be given a grace time of a year or two (and multiple attempts) to pass the test, failing which, their licence could be suspended. The fourth step could be to use technology with applications like clinical decision support systems to improve the quality of care delivery. All these are vitally important patient safety measures.

The tragedy is that our society seems indifferent to the fact that visiting a doctor may actually be injurious to health. Perhaps, it is our belief in destiny or karma that makes us reluctant to fight for this cause. There are very few strong patient bodies or consumer groups that take these issues up with the state or medical associations. A society that does not fight even for something as basic as quality health care, perhaps, deserves the health care it gets. The next time you visit your doctor, remember that your odds of getting the right diagnosis and treatment may be even less than that from the toss of a coin.

–The Hindu

 

20160402_115110The above article is published in ‘The Hindu’ in relevance with the post.

http://www.thehindu.com › article8418954

 

Source : Some excerpts are taken from a social forum.

 

KEEP QUIET-IT’S THAT NAME WHICH MUST NOT BE SPOKEN

vyapam_story_647_070615015345_070715100638
Vyapam scam

The scandal and deaths are pretty real, not just a statistical play of numbers.

As per Medical admission in India  4.7% of the candidates appearing from MBBS entrance exams in India got a seat in 2013. Removing the not so good colleges and branches, one can say that it is fairly hard to get a good Medical seat in India. I also know many people who have not taken one but even 2-3 years of drop to keep trying qualifying in these exams to fulfill their dream of becoming a Doctor (thanks to the peer and parental pressure). In fact, in India, all coveted professional streams have scary acceptance rates such as 0.5% for IIMs and <2% for IITs. It just shows how much preparation and mental toughness a student needs to pursue his dream career.

The entrance exams in MP are conducted by Vyapam which is an autonomous body. The scam spread to many professional exams but Medical is the biggest one since Medical seats are paid for at the highest prices, so lets just focus on that. While I am focusing on mugging all those Biology terms, some parents found another way to ensure their children get a Medical seat. A group of insiders to Vyapam began to collude in a sophisticated way to help their ‘clients’ get good marks in these exams. How? The method varied from using impersonators, swapping answer sheets to seating a group of people together to enable cheating etc. Such a thing requires an organized effort at multiple levels in the system – the people who set the paper, invigilator, exam organizer, people involved in scoring etc etc.

What is DMAT scam?
Akin to Vyapam scam, it came to light that the real money exchanged hands under the DMAT scam. Dental and Medical Admission Test (DMAT) is an examination held for admission into the private medical colleges of Madhya Pradesh, India. Here, the seats to private colleges were sold by fixing these tests. The candidates who paid the amount were directed to leave the OMR sheet blank and were filled later (Dental and Medical Admission Test: Scamsters operated in cyber cafes, colleges – The Times of India).

Who benefitted from it?
The rich families whose kids could not have otherwise cracked the exam and Medical college owners who could sell their seats and who actually acted as the middlemen between these parents and insider officials who conducted the exams. It has been alleged that MBBS seats were sold for 50L and PG seats for about 1cr.

Why is it so worrisome?
It could have been just another scandal but lets examine the repercussion and something the normal middle class parents are not yet understanding. When such seats are rigged in a professional exam, it is their kid who was preparing hard but could not make the cut who is the eventual victim. Some even committed suicide and some had to settle for other non-rewarding careers.
Secondly, when a person who has paid 1cr for his education enters the profession, his first goal is to recuperate his investment. After all, why would one be willing to pay such hefty sums for a career if he did not think he could get it all back? This leads to further scams in Medical industry.
The society suffers when people who may not be qualified or motivated are allowed to enter a profession that deals with human lives. And what moral value am I passing on to next generation by telling it that go and do whatever, I can buy a career for you.
What is the political involvement behind this scam?
The scam goes way back but things only started unearthing around 2009. The scale of the operation suggested the involvement of influential and powerful people from Medical fraternity, political parties, police and judicial teams. A lot of children of these people are studying/have studied MBBS from some of the controversial colleges known to have been involved in DMAT scam. This is the reason that the powerful layer of the society did not want this scam to be unearthed.
It remains a question why did ruling BJP govt in MP decide to form a STF (special task force) locally instead of handing the matter over to CBI. It is also interesting that as soon as CBI came on board, it registered 5 FIRs regarding the deaths that were claimed to be natural earlier.
State govt tried to keep things under local control as long as they could, only giving it to outside scrutiny when things have caught national and international interest. At this point, it seems everyone is trying to save his own a**. I am sure the non-ruling party members are not clean either and it is a deep level collusion but those who are in power seem to have abused it a lot.

I hope the truth comes out soon and the involved are justly punished. Because if they are not, these powerful people will continue to exploit the system and the hard working student who missed out on a seat by 1 mark will keep having his dream squashed and a patient will be billed 25L for a trivial problem by a Doctor who graduated by paying 1cr in donation. This scam is a cancer to our society, do not take it lightly.

SOURCE : WEB
NISTHA TRIPATHI

…and The show must go on

FB_IMG_1450554483934Whenever I will remember school I will remember her (my sweetest teacher) always. No matter what I love her and may God keeps his blessings upon her.

One of my favourite teachers was diagnosed with cancer.So resultingly, she was absent from the school. The news of her having cancer spread like wild fire in the school and everyone thought her absence is going to be permanent now, i.e. she would leave the school for her chemotherapy and treatment.

But..
After some time she entered school with a wide smile gracing her face.When her chemotherapy started, she just took a break came back to school after break. She started losing large patches of hair and eventually, became bald. She use to cover her head with a black scarf and keep coming to school. Whenever she was compelled to take long breaks, it was deduced that she was gone forever but she came back everytime, with a smile brighter than ever, determination unshakable and optimism so strong.Watching her battling with cancer with a spirit so invincible motivated me to the core.If she could continue to come to school (carry on with work) with cancer (and now beaten that cancer), I could surely learn without it.

Her fighting spirit was so strong. A great teacher is the one who truly inspires.

[A memory with her]

When I went to school with my best friend after some time, she was in her recovery phase! She asked us why you people are not in school uniform?!, me and my friend were surprised for a while and replied to her “ma’am we are now passed out students “. We all smiled at each other and a look was exchanged in which it was tremendous love in her eyes. That moment is beyond description.

 

 

Reawakening the power

What is that power? That power is Sanskrit. Yes, sanskrit is just not a language; it’s a way of living.

You all agree that Technology is powerful. Is technology in itself powerful, or you become powerful when you acquire technology? I am sure the answer is, we become powerful when we acquire technology. This is because, we will be acquiring the aggregate result of efforts of research, aggregate of human intelligence, undertaken for several years.

67741342-1

Similarly, when we say knowledge is power, we mean knowledge empowers us.  Knowledge, technology etc. are just means and it is we who become powerful. Therefore, they are the means and we are the end.  If technology, knowledge etc. are at one end and we are at the other, then we will be just another lot of ignorant human beings.
Therefore assimilation of knowledge, assimilation of technology makes an individual powerful, makes the family powerful, makes the nation a powerful nation, makes society, makes humanity  powerful.
Sanskrit is one of the world’s most ancient literature, which has a rich history of several thousands of years.  It has a great inheritance.
It comprises of
1] Shruti  or Vedas,
2] Smriti or Scriptures written in recollection,
3]puraanaas  which are largely allegorical
4]Epics like Raamaayana and Mahabharath which are considered as our ancient historical works.  Mahabharath is also considered as fifth veda. Bhagavad geeta is considered as the greatest  book on psychology. The Bramha Sutras  has 555 sutras or aphorisms on Upanishadic wisdom.
The Vedas are the oldest literature.  The word veda is derived from the root word “Vid” which means ‘to know’.  This bulky literature is classified as Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharva veda. Rigveda is the oldest vedic literature.   It has 1028 hymns and 10552 mantras in it.  Yajurveda has two branches in it–Krishna Yajurveda nd Shukla Yajurveda.  Krishna Yajurveda has Maitrayani Samhita, Kaataka Samhita, Kapisthala kaata samhita and Taittireeya Samhita.  Each of these have several khandas and several prapaatakas . They contain the method of conducting rites and rituals, the method of construction of Sacrificial hall etc.  The Saamaveda is considered as the origin of Indian music.  It has two branches—Kauthumas and Raanaayaneeya.  Atharva veda also has two branches, viz one belonging the sage pippalaada and other belonging to sage Shaunaka.
Each of these branches contain innumerable mantras.

Alas!  Major chunk of this great literature is lost.  Hence it is high time to preserve whatever little is available.
All these literature contains unfathomable human wisdom, sublime and highly transcendental thoughts which are the perpetual source of happiness, tranquillity and real bliss.
In Smriti section there are innumerable literature on Astronomy, mathematics, Nuclear science, medicine etc. etc.
There are eighteen Puraanaas with innumerable allegories. Though the principal upanishads are considered as just twelve, the total number of upanishads is considered 108.  The derivation of the word Upanishad is root “Sad” with prefixes Upa and Ni. This means Knowledge derived from sitting at the feet of preceptor.
The vedic wisdom is extremely precious because, they are revealed to the seers in their transcendental status and are not composed deliberately using dictionary and keeping in view name and fame.

The mother of speech, Goddess Sarasvati in her form of Sanskrit language has given birth, nurtured and developed these profound thoughts, philosophy, wisdom and culture of our great people of Indus valley.
Hence as the abode of this powerful, human wisdom  Sanskrit is a really powerful language.  Let us all assimilate it and become powerful human race.

Knowledge source : Shyamala Krishnamurthy